(Maaf, buku ini dijelaskan dalam bahasa Inggris ya).
The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism
By Naomi Klein
This new book looks incredible. It describes how economist Milton Friedman produced a new way of increasing capitalism globally, using profit and the free market to alter society for the benefit of capitalism, by using “shock therapy”. Friedman’s dream is that profit and the market should be the only underlying forces that control our lives.
Author Naomi Klein in her new book “The Shock Doctrine” presents information that many of our current global situations are caused by the use of “shock’ to force the public to accept a capitalist agenda which will definitely make the rich even richer, but may not do much for the very poor. Wars, coups, natural disasters can all be used to make sudden capitalist reforms before the public has time to understand what is being done to them. In other words, immediately after a violent public shock (such as September 11) the government in that country will suddenly introduce new policies which flavor capitalism, profit and the free market. These same policies would not be accepted by the people under ordinary conditions. So the “shock doctrine” gives the government the perfect opportunity to make unpopular changes that benefit the free market and capitalism and the people are unable to do anything to stop it.
In THE SHOCK DOCTRINE, Naomi Klein explodes the myth that the global free market triumphed democratically. Exposing the thinking, the money trail and the puppet strings behind the world-changing crises and wars of the last four decades, The Shock Doctrine is the gripping story of how America’s “free market” policies have come to dominate the world-- through the exploitation of disaster-shocked people and countries.
At the most chaotic juncture in
Based on breakthrough historical research and four years of on-the-ground reporting in disaster zones, The Shock Doctrine vividly shows how disaster capitalism – the rapid-fire corporate reengineering of societies still reeling from shock – did not begin with September 11, 2001. The book traces its origins back fifty years, to the
The Shock Doctrine follows the application of these ideas though our contemporary history, showing in riveting detail how well-known events of the recent past have been deliberate, active theatres for the shock doctrine, among them: Pinochet’s coup in Chile in 1973, the Falklands War in 1982, the Tiananmen Square Massacre in 1989, the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Asian Financial crisis in 1997 and Hurricane Mitch in 1998.
Below are some basic facts from the short film that was made to promote the book.
Fast Facts, Shocks and their Aftermath from the Shock Doctrine Short Film
- 50,000 tortured
- 80,000 imprisoned
- Public spending cut by 50%
- Incomes for the rich up 83%
- 45% of population in poverty
- 910 people die
- Thatcher's popularity doubles
- She privatizes gas, steel, airlines, telephones
- She declares war on unions
- Thousands are injured
- Unemployment triples
- Number of poor increases by 100%
1989 – hundreds killed China
- Thousands jailed and tortured
becomes sweatshop to the world China embraces "free market" capitalism China
- Factory wages: $1/day
- Yeltsin attacks parliament
- Hundreds killed
- Parliament burned
- Opposition arrested
- 72 million impoverished
- 17 new billionaires created
Terrorist Attacks –
- Attacks launch "War on Terror." It is privatized.
spy agencies outsource 70% of their budgets US
- Pentagon increases budget for contractors by $137 billion/year
- Department of Homeland Security spends $130 billion on private contractors
- The most privatized war in modern history
decrees 200 state companies will be privatized US
- Hundreds of thousands killed
- 4 million displaced
Natural Disasters –
- 35,000 dead
- Coastline handed over to hotels and industry
- Nearly 1 million displaced
- Fishing people forbidden to rebuild homes by the sea
The Shock Doctrine
By Naomi Klein
The short film (made to promote the book) is available online here: http://www.truthout.org/docs_2006/090807A.shtml
As well as an excerpt from the book.
One excerpt from the book:
In one of his most influential essays, Friedman articulated contemporary capitalism's core tactical nostrum, what I have come to understand as "the shock doctrine". He observed that "only a crisis - actual or perceived - produces real change". When that crisis occurs, the actions taken depend on the ideas that are lying around. Some people stockpile canned goods and water in preparation for major disasters; Friedmanites stockpile free-market ideas. And once a crisis has struck, the
Friedman first learned how to exploit a shock or crisis in the mid-70s, when he advised the dictator General Augusto Pinochet. Not only were Chileans in a state of shock after Pinochet's violent coup, but the country was also traumatised by hyperinflation. Friedman advised Pinochet to impose a rapid-fire transformation of the economy - tax cuts, free trade, privatised services, cuts to social spending and deregulation.
It was the most extreme capitalist makeover ever attempted anywhere, and it became known as a "